Матеріал з Вікіпедії — вільної енциклопедії.
Перейти до навігації Перейти до пошуку

англ. вимова: [{{{1}}}]

{{i}} Документація шаблону[перегляд] [редагувати] [історія] [очистити кеш]

Usage[ред. код]

This template formats IPA transcriptions and links them to IPA for English. The transcription should match the conventions of that key; for narrower dialect transcriptions, use {{IPA-all}}, which links to a more complete IPA key.

The first cell in the template is for the transcription, and a second optional cell is a switch that controls the lede. With no second value, the lede English pronunciation: appears:

  • {{IPA-en|n}}англ. вимова: [n]
  • {{IPA-en|n|pron}}вимовляється [n]
  • {{IPA-en|n|lang}}англ.: [n]
  • {{IPA-en|n|local}}місцеве [n]
  • {{IPA-en|n|IPA}}IPA: [n]
  • {{IPA-en|n|US}}US: [n]
  • {{IPA-en|n|UK}}UK: [n]
  • {{IPA-en|n|}}[n]

Any of these may be combined with a sound file in an optional third cell:

For the default lede, however, a placeholder such as ‹-› is required in the second cell:

Usage of IPA pronunciation templates[ред. код]

Шаблон:IPA keys Wikipedia offers several templates for proper display of IPA transcriptions.

IPA font[ред. код]

In general, IPA symbols on a page should be enclosed in the {{IPA}} template, which formats the text in an IPA-producing font. If a substantial portion of a page uses IPA, it is customary to post notice of that fact with {{Contains special characters|IPA}}, though each token still requires the {{IPA}} template for proper formatting.

If there are not enough occurrences to warrant a notice, then consider a template that links to an IPA key for the first instance of the IPA on a page or section.

English words[ред. код]

For English words, in a broad, non-regional transcription, as when giving the pronunciation of a key word in an article, use {{IPAc-en}}, which links to Help:IPA/English, a chart of the subset of the IPA that is relevant to English, and automates the conversion to IPA, so that {{IPAc-en|'|w|3:r|d}} appears as [ˈwɜrd]. This provides mouse-over links to the symbols, and is now the preferred template.

For a specific transcription in a regional variety, use {{IPA-endia}} or {{IPA-all}}.

Non-English words[ред. код]

For words that are not assimilated into English, regional pronunciations of English words, and non-standard English dialects, use templates linking to the more general Help:IPA chart, containing all major IPA symbols:

  • {{IPA-all}}, appearing as: МФА[word]. Or:
  • For specific languages, there may be dedicated IPA keys for standardized transcription. There are several options for their display. The first cell includes the ISO code of the language; the second is the transcription; the third keys an introductory phrase; and the fourth is space for a sound file. Using the French word eau [o] as an example, we have the default format:
    • {{IPA-fr|o}}фр. вимова: [o]
  • Or the word "pronounced" can be used as the introduction:
    • {{IPA-fr|o|pron}}вимовляється: [o]
  • Language name only:
  • "IPA" only:
    • {{IPA-fr|o|IPA}}IPA: [o]
  • Link only:
    • {{IPA-fr|o|}}[o]
  • Any of these may be combined with a sound file:
  • For the default introductory phrase, however, a placeholder such as “-” is required:

Supported languages and templates[ред. код]

Key Language Template(s)
Help:IPA/Adyghe Adyghe Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Afrikaans Afrikaans Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Albanian Albanian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Alemannic German Alemannic German Шаблон:Tldep
Colonia Tovar dialect Шаблон:Tldep
Swabian German Шаблон:Tldep
Walser German Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Amharic Amharic Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Arabic Arabic Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Armenian Armenian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Assamese Assamese Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Astur-Leonese Asturian Шаблон:Tldep
Extremaduran Шаблон:Tldep
Leonese Шаблон:Tldep
Mirandese Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Australian languages Australian Aboriginal languages Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Azerbaijani Azerbaijani Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Basque Basque Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Belarusian Belarusian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Bengali Bengali Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Berber Berber Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Breton Breton Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Bulgarian Bulgarian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Burmese Burmese Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Cantonese Cantonese Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Catalan Catalan Шаблон:Tldep
Valencian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Colognian Colognian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Corsican Corsican Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Czech Czech Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Danish Danish Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Dutch Dutch Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Egyptian Arabic Egyptian Arabic Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Emilian-Romagnol Emilian Шаблон:Tldep
Romagnol Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/English English Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Esperanto Esperanto Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Estonian Estonian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Fijian Fijian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Finnish Finnish Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Franco-Provençal Franco-Provençal Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/French French Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Galician Galician Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Georgian Georgian Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Greek Greek Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Greenlandic Greenlandic Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Gujarati Gujarati Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Haitian Creole Haitian Creole Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Hawaiian Hawaiian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Hebrew Hebrew Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Hejazi Arabic Hejazi Arabic Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Hindi and Urdu Hindustani Шаблон:Tldep
Hindi Шаблон:Tldep
Urdu Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Hmong Hmong Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Hungarian Hungarian Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Icelandic Icelandic Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Igbo Igbo Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Insular Catalan Insular Catalan Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Inuktitut Inuktitut Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Inupiaq Inupiaq Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Irish Irish Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Italian Italian Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Italian dialects Italian dialects Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Japanese Japanese Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Kazakh Kazakh Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Khmer Khmer Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Korean Korean Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Kurdish Kurdish Шаблон:Tldep
Kurmanji (Northern Kurdish) Шаблон:Tldep
Sorani (Central Kurdish) Шаблон:Tldep
Southern Kurdish Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Kyrgyz Kyrgyz Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Lakota Lakota Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Lao Lao Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Latin Latin Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Latvian Latvian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Lebanese Arabic Lebanese Arabic Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Ligurian Ligurian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Lithuanian Lithuanian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Lombard Lombard Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Luxembourgish Luxembourgish Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Macedonian Macedonian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Malagasy Malagasy Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Malay Malay Шаблон:Tldep
Indonesian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Malayalam Malayalam Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Maltese Maltese Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Mandarin Standard Chinese Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Manx Manx Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Māori Māori Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Marathi Marathi Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Marshallese Marshallese Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Mauritian Creole Mauritian Creole Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Mayan Mayan Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Mongolian Mongolian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Nahuatl Nahuatl Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Navajo Navajo Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Neapolitan Neapolitan Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Nepali Nepali Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Nguni Swazi Шаблон:Tldep
Xhosa Шаблон:Tldep
Zulu Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Northern Thai Northern Thai Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Norwegian Norwegian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Occitan Occitan Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Odia Odia Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Old English Old English Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Persian Persian Шаблон:Tldep
Dari Шаблон:Tldep
Tajik Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Piedmontese Piedmontese Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Polish Polish Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Portuguese Portuguese Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Punjabi Punjabi Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Quechua Quechua Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Romanian Romanian Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Romansh Romansh Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Russian Russian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Sanskrit Sanskrit Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Sardinian Sardinian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Serbo-Croatian Serbo-Croatian Шаблон:Tldep
Croatian Шаблон:Tldep
Serbian Шаблон:Tldep
Bosnian Шаблон:Tldep
Montenegrin Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Shan and Tai Lue Shan Шаблон:Tldep
Tai Lue Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Sicilian Sicilian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Slovak Slovak Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Slovene Slovene Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Spanish Spanish Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Standard German German Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Swahili Swahili Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Swedish Swedish Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Sylheti Sylheti Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Tagalog Tagalog Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Taiwanese Hokkien Taiwanese Hokkien Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Tamil Tamil Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Tatar Tatar Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Telugu Telugu Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Thai Thai Шаблон:Tldep, Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Tibetan Tibetan Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Tigrinya Tigrinya Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Tunisian Arabic Tunisian Arabic Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Turkish Turkish Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Turkmen Turkmen Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Ukrainian Ukrainian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Uzbek Uzbek Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Venetian Venetian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Vietnamese Vietnamese Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Walloon Walloon Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Welsh Welsh Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/West Frisian West Frisian Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Wu Chinese Wu Chinese Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Yiddish Yiddish Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Yoruba Yoruba Шаблон:Tldep
Help:IPA/Zhuang Zhuang Шаблон:Tldep

Languages without dedicated keys[ред. код]

Templates have been created for languages which do not yet have dedicated key pages. Transcriptions which use these templates will link to Help:IPA for the time being; when a language-specific key is created the templates will be linked accordingly. For example, you can use {{IPA-jv|word}} for Javanese, but for the moment it will link to Help:IPA, producing Шаблон:IPA-jv.

Languages and language extensions (IPA-xx) with links to Help:IPA

Conversion to IPA[ред. код]

The template {{x2i}} takes X-SAMPA symbols (ASCII equivalents of IPA symbols) and converts them to IPA.

Other language-specific templates allow you to enter ordinary letters (or conventional ASCII equivalents) in place of IPA characters, and they will be automatically converted to the phonetic symbols that are used to transcribe the language. The templates that are currently available are shown below, with examples:

Language Template Code example Result
Arabic Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-ar|2|a|l|l|u|gh|a|t_|a|l|3|a|r|a|b|i|y|y|a}} Шаблон:IPAc-ar
Cantonese Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-yue|h|ung|2|.|z|i|2}} Шаблон:IPAc-yue
English Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-en|,|{|l|@|'|b|{|m|@}} [ˌæləˈbæmə]
French Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-fr|j|@|-|s|U|i|s_|a|m|é|r|i|c|ain}} Шаблон:IPAc-fr
Georgian Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-ka|dz|a|l|a|_|e|r|t|o|b|a|sh|i|a}} Шаблон:IPAc-ka
Hebrew Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-he|y|a|ʿ|a|k|o|v}} Шаблон:IPAc-he
Hungarian Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-hu|'|m|a|gy|a|r}} Шаблон:IPAc-hu
Irish Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-ga|'|b|ai|l'|@|-|'|á|th|@|-|'|c'|l'|ia|th}} Шаблон:IPAc-ga
Italian Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-it|'|i|:|o|_|'|s|o|:|n|o|_|a|m|e|r|i|'|c|a|:|n|o}} Шаблон:IPAc-it
Japanese Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-ja|ku|ro|si|o}} Шаблон:IPAc-ja
Korean Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-ko|h|a|ng|eo}} Шаблон:IPAc-ko
Mandarin Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-cmn|zh|ong|1|h|ua|2|-|r|en|2|m|in|2|-|g|ong|4|h|e|2|g|uo|2}} -{[[:en:Wikipedia:IPA for Mandarin|[[[:Шаблон:C-cmn]]Шаблон:C-cmnШаблон:C-cmnШаблон:C-cmnШаблон:C-cmnШаблон:C-cmnШаблон:C-cmnШаблон:C-cmnШаблон:C-cmnШаблон:C-cmnШаблон:C-cmnШаблон:C-cmnШаблон:C-cmnШаблон:C-cmnШаблон:C-cmnШаблон:C-cmn]]]}-
Māori Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-mi|ng|ā|r|u|a|'|w|ā|h|i|a}} Шаблон:IPAc-mi
Marshallese Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc2-mh|mhahjelh}} Шаблон:IPAc2-mh
Polish Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-pl|'|sz|cz|e|ć|i|n}} Шаблон:IPAc-pl
Portuguese Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-pt|p|o|<|r|t|u|'|g|a|l|lang=pt}} and {{IPAc-pt|b|r|a|'|S|i|l|lang=br}} Шаблон:IPAc-pt and Шаблон:IPAc-pt
Romanian Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-ro|ˈ|m|u|n|ț|ii|_|f|ă|g|ă|ˈ|r|a|ș|u|l|ui}} Шаблон:IPAc-ro
Spanish Шаблон:Tldep {{IPAc-es|m|i|'|gu|e|l|_|d|e|_|c|e|r|'|v|a|n|t|e|s|_|s|aa|'|v|e|d|r|a}} Шаблон:IPAc-es

The following templates have also been created, but they haven't been vetted by the community and may not work properly:

See also[ред. код]